Plant genetic engineering in Africa

 

Genetically modified crops that are tested or cultivated in Africa

 

Crop

Trait

Country

Cotton

Insect resistance

Egypt, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe

Maize

Drought resistance, insect resistance

Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe

Cassava

Nutrient density, disease resistance, virus resistance

Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda

Cowpeas

Insect resistance

Burkina Faso, Ghana, Nigeria

Sorghum

Nutrient density

Kenya, South Africa

Potato

Virus resistance, insect resistance, fungal resistance

Egypt, South Africa

Banana

Nutrient density, disease resistance, fungal resistance

Uganda

Sweet potato

Virus resistance

Kenya, South Africa

Sugarcane

Growth, sugar content, virus resistance

Egypt, Mauritius, South Africa

Coconut

Virus resistance

Ivory Coast, Ghana

Squash

Virus resistance

Egypt

Grapes

Fungal resistance

South Africa

 

 

Cowpeas for example

Insect-resistant cowpeas that were developed at African research institutes could be commercialised over the next years. Their protein content makes cowpeas an important staple crop to help counter malnutrition, and their hardiness should help them adapt to climate change. However, crop yields are threatened by the Maruca vitrata pod borer, an insect pest that currently costs African smallholders over 200 Million Euros and that they fight with strong insecticides.

Alain Charles Publishing, University House, 11-13 Lower Grosvenor Place, London, SW1W 0EX, UK
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