The African Development Bank (AfDB) convened a meeting of experts and stakeholders in the agricultural sector to design integrated pest and disease management mechanisms for controlling the spread of the Fall Army Worm in East Africa
The Fall Army Worm or Spodoptera frugiperda is an invasive insect threatening food supplies and incomes of millions of African smallholder farmers. The multi-stakeholder, regional action plans to stop the menace of the worm in Africa falls under the Bank’s Technologies for African Agriculture Transformation (TAAT) agenda.
The meeting which was held on 11-12 October 2018 in Nairobi, Kenya, brought together government representatives and fall army worm response coordinators from Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, the Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Uganda.
Also in attendance were representative of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Kenya’s Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock & Fisheries, regional and international stakeholders in the Agriculture sector. The US Agency for International Development, the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa, the African Agricultural Technology Foundation and Syngenta Foundation were also represented at the meeting.
Joseph Coompson, AfDB’s regional manager for Eastern Africa said, “Reports have shown that if no appropriate action is taken, fall army worm could cause maize yield losses of 21-53 per cent-valued at US$2.48 to 6.187bn, in 12 African countries within five years.”
This trend, if unchecked, “could significantly affect African countries which are already importing food estimated at US$35 billion annually and set to outstrip US$100bn by 2026,” Coompson added.
“We look forward to leaving this meeting with technology options to deploy to farmers in the coming season,” said David Mwangi, head of Plant Protection Services with Kenya’s Ministry of Agriculture’s State Department for Crop Development.
Researchers from the FAO, the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology, African Agricultural Technology Foundation and Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International, Syngenta, Corteva and Bayer also presented current initiatives and technologies for controlling the fall army worm.
Country focal persons outlined their plans, including financial, policy and regulatory reforms required for achieving quick win in the fight against the worm in East Africa. They also discussed options for providing effective technologies for combating the worm to smallholder farmers. They observed that in Southern Africa, Fortenza Duo, a seed treatment pesticide from Syngenta Foundation, proved effective against the worm in the first 30 days after crop emergence.
“The submission of national and regional action plans to target millions of farmers’ shows the degree to which our “plan to action” approach against the fall army worm threat is being taken seriously and is galvanising governments and farmers to protect not only fields but livelihoods too,” said Chris Akem, TAAT Coordinator at IITA.